Halliday's Metafunction and Galtung's Peace Paradigms: An Interpersonal Metafunctional Analysis of Peace Paradigms in The Selected Political Speeches
Keywords:Interpersonal Metafunction, Ideational Metafunction, Textual Metafuction, Systemic grammar, Peace Paradigms, conflict resolution
The research paper aims to present the linguistic analysis of speeches of selected political leaders in order to analyze their paradigms of peace, as peace has always been the vital requisite and concern at national and global level.For linguistic analysis Halliday’s Systemic Functional Grammar is adopted as theoretical framework.The researchers have used Halliday’s Interpersonal Metafunction to analyze the concept of peace in political speeches of Donald Trump and Barak Obama in light of Gultangs peace paradigms. The research has endavoured to trace the relationship between interpersonal metafunctional aspects and Peace Paradigms. For this purpose a mixed methodology is usedand a Sequential exploratory design is selected. The detailed and in-depth analysis of the two speeches have been selected as sample study.Modality analysis of sample speech 1 is by President Barak Obama and sample speech 2 by President Donald Trump. The speeches are analyzed using different aspects of Interpersonal metafunction including mood, modality, polarity and attitude (Affect, judgment and appraisal). Using this data, the analysis of Positive and Negative peace paradigms in these speeches is presented. This analysis includes both tabular presentations of data as well as detailed interpretation of the data. The detailed analysis established the fact that different interpersonal metafunctional aspects have different roles in building up the theme of peace paradigms and peace ideologies, as interpersonal metafunction represents the notion of language as a source for the exchange of information (Halliday 1973)The study will provide new perspectives for the researchers in the field of linguistics to analyse political speeches linguistically and unveil the underlying meanings with specific reference to peace paradigms.
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